Mosquitoes are blood-sucking insect pests that are responsible for the transmission of several diseases through the human and pet populations of the earth. Inside Australia, there are over 300 different types of mosquito but only a few are of the main worry. Many crucial human illnesses are carried throughout Australia by these insect pests like Dengue fever, Aussie encephalitis, Ross River computer virus disease and Barmah Forest virus illness; malaria has been carried locally in Australia just rarely in recent years.

How to prevent mosquito bites

There are lots of easy steps you can take to prevent getting bitten by mosquitoes, such as:
  • Wear lengthy, loose-fitting dresses if mosquitoes are close to.
  • Cover up as much as possible.
  • Use a good mosquito resistant on all exposed skin areas.
  • Prevent mosquito reproduction close to your own house.
  • Prevent mosquitoes from getting indoors by applying fly screens on doors and windows.
  • Use mosquito coils or even insecticide candles in tiny, outdoor places.

How to handle mosquitoes around the house

You can reduce the chance of mosquito bites by avoiding mosquitoes from breeding close to your house by following these ideas:
  • Clean up your backyard and eliminate everything where water can get, like empty pots and tires.
  • Cover or even overturn trailers, wheelbarrows, motorboats, equipment and children’s playground toys to prevent water collection.
  • Keep gutters and drains clear so water can run easily.
  • Mend seeping taps.
  • Change pet drinking plates, bird bathing and vase waters at least one time every week, and more frequently in a very warm climate.
  • Put sand around the bottom of pot plants.
  • Keep swimming pools properly maintained or empty or safely covered if not used.
  • Keep fish ponds clean with small vegetation around the sides.
  • Keep grass and landscapes cut back to reduce the places where mosquitoes rest.
  • Check water tanks for spaces close to lids, covers and inlet piping. Fit an easily removed screen mesh to the actual outlet end of overflow plumbing and all water inlets if required.
  • Make certain any water collection pots have safe covers or monitors.

How do mosquitoes spread viruses?

Mosquitoes are not like dirty syringes, spreading viruses in droplets of blood from person to person. When a mosquito bites, she injects saliva to assist blood-sucking.

Unfortunately, mixed in with that spit can be a virus.
For the saliva to become infected, the mosquito must first bite a person or animal infected with a virus. As the mosquito becomes infected, the virus spreads throughout the body of the mosquito; from the legs to the head.

Inside the head are the mosquito’s salivary glands. When they become infected, they can pass on the virus to the next unsuspecting host.

From acquiring to passing on the virus, the process can take anywhere from a few days to a couple of weeks.
Working out which mosquitoes spread which viruses are critical to developing strategic responses to outbreaks of disease.

Types of Mosquito

Anopheles Mosquito

The Anopheles mosquito is known universally as the Malaria Mosquito species because it is considered the primary vector of the disease. It is also considered a transmitter of heartworm in dogs.

When resting, the stomach area of the Anopheles mosquito points upward, rather than being even with the surrounding surface like most mosquitoes.

Aedes Mosquitoes

Female: A smallish, dark mosquito with conspicuous white markings and banded legs; the proboscis is all black although the palps are white tipped; the scutum has a dorsal pattern of white scales in the form of a 'lyre' with curved lateral and 2 central stripes contrasting with the general covering of narrow dark scales; wings are dark scaled; hind legs with femur pale scaled for basal three-quarters with dark scales dorsally on apical two-thirds and ventrally on apical third, tibia dark but tarsi with pale basal bands on 1-4 and 5 all pale; abdominal tergites with median and lateral white scale patches or bands (possibly some white scales on apical margins), sternites predominantly pale scaled with subapical bands on distal segments.

Culex Mosquitoes

The genus Culex is a carrier of viral encephalitis and, in tropical and subtropical climates, of filariasis. It holds its body parallel to the resting surface and its proboscis is bent downward relative to the surface. The wings, with scales on the veins and the margin, are uniform in color. The tip of the female’s abdomen is blunt and has retracted cerci (sensory appendages). Egg-laying may occur on almost any body of freshwater, including standing polluted water. The eggs, which float on the water, are joined in masses of 100 or more. The long and slender Culex larvae have breathing tubes that contain hair tufts. They hang head downward at an angle of 45° from the water surface. The life cycle, usually 10 to 14 days, maybe longer in cold weather. The northern house mosquito is the most abundant species in northern regions, while the southern house mosquito is abundant in southern regions, namely the tropics and subtropics.

Mosquito Causes Illnesses

They’re some of the common diseases spread all over the world by mosquito bites:

Malaria

Malaria is the most well known mosquito-transmitted disease. It’s caused by a small parasite that lives inside the mosquito and is spread from one person to another when the mosquito attacks. It’s spread mainly by a specific kind of mosquito (the Anopheles mosquito) which can be found in particular regions of the world. The most common signs and symptoms of malaria are fever, headaches, nausea or vomiting, and muscle and joint pain. People residing in or even visiting, locations, where the Anopheles mosquito is available, can reduce the danger of malaria by taking drugs regularly and using steps to prevent being bitten.

Ross River virus disease

Occurring extensively in Australia, the Ross River disease is spread from pets or animals to people by several types of mosquitoes. Although some people attacked with this virus don’t have any, or just minor, signs and symptoms, others may have a fever, joint pain and swelling, and an allergy. There’s no particular treatment method but medications may become to help reduce the signs.

Barmah Forest virus Disease

The actual Barmah Forest virus is also common in Australia and leads to a similar sickness to Ross River virus disease but the signs and symptoms generally last for a smaller period. The virus is distributed from pets or animals to people by mosquitoes. Once again, there’s no particular treatment method for this disease, but medications may become to aid manage the signs and symptoms.

Murray Valley encephalitis

Murray Valley encephalitis is a quite uncommon disease involving swelling of the human brain tissue. The illness is due to infection with a virus that’s distributed by the bite of afflicted mosquitoes. The mosquito responsible is located throughout Australia and breeds in surface area pools of water. Drinking water birds, like herons, are a normal reservoir of the computer virus. Many people afflicted with the Murray Valley encephalitis virus don’t create signs and symptoms, but other people may have a high fever, severe headaches, neck tightness, irritability, seizures (or fits), and sleepiness. Fast healthcare suggestions should be needed if you have these signs and symptoms.

Dengue Fever

The mosquito liable for transmitting the dengue virus can be found in most warm regions of the world, like North Queensland, Sydney. The mosquitoes breed in pots that hold water and bite in the daytime, not mostly at night or afternoon like other kinds of mosquitoes. People afflicted with the virus may have zero indicators, but some others may experience high fever, severe headaches, muscles, and joint pain, rash and severe weakness. In rare situations, dengue fever may be serious and even fatal. You should get quick medical assistance if you believe you’ve dengue fever.

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